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History of the town

Here you can find facts about the history of the town.

Duke Wartislaw comes from the east to the river Peene.
Missionary Otto von Bamberg is with him- he should convert the Lutizian people- they fight against it, but soon the first Christian church is erected.

First settlers and monasteries come, German and Slavonic markets arise- Germans and Lutizian people live together peacefully.

The duchy reaches from the Darß in the west to the Danzig bay in the east and Pasewalk in the south. Wolgast is the residence of the duke of Pomerania- Wolgast
A mighty castle is built on the peninsula in 1625.
The castle complex is consolidated- the castle island arises.

It' s the official end of the Thirty Years War. Pomerania is one of the main scenes of war. There' s a well- known song Cockchafer fly  with a line Pomerian land is burnt down. After the peace treaty Wolgast belongs to the Swedish Kingdom.
Killing hadn' t stopped for centuries but castle an old town got through the war.

Nach oben

Picture: View at Wolgast with its old duke castle ( castle island).

View at Wolgast with its old duke castle ( castle island).
The Brandenburg people fire at the castle. There is one hit in the gun powder room and the castle is destroyed. Later the plague brakes out. Especially 1710 it' s very bad- many hearses are seen.

27 th March- war again, the Swedish destroy Altona. So the Russian- Prussian troops want to burn to ashes the Swedish town Wolgast as retribution. The Prussian commander acts under orders, so the town is burnt. The persistent inhabitants Lutizian and German, don`t give up. The few survivors of the last dark centuries rebuild the city and the castle ruin is used as a quarry for new- built houses.
But there isn' t enough money to design an new town ground plan. Fortunately a late baroque town is established on the foundation. From 1718 to 1724 the town hall is a sign of this time.

About 200 years of Swedish occupation end- Wolgast becomes Prussian trade and shipping bloom. When you visit the town today you can walk in its narrow streets of the Middle Ages with their buildings from modern times. There are cellars, tunnels crossways under the town even to the castle island.
Every corner and ground plan is both Lutizian and modern town. It' s a city that unites history and modern life, but Wolgast often lost:
people, buildings and his position as the residence of the Swedish administration and 1747 it also lost the position as the most important port town in the Oderdelta to Swinemünde- today Swinoujscie.

But one thing Wolgast didn' t lose- the power out of its river, self- confidence and the willpower of its inhabitants. That's a good basis to master the future challenges successfully.

When you visit Wolgast you can' imagine its hart history.